1 thought on “Lily's "Four Time Rural Miscellaneous Plum Golden Apricot Fat" (Fan Chengda)”

  1. The "Poetry Book Youyou" Sinology Sharing and Exchange Platform is a public welfare WeChat group jointly sponsored and operated by parents and students. On this platform, there are currently a few big children who have basic Chinese studies. Everyone chooses a content they are interested in, and record a shared audio file every week or every two weeks. At a fixed time, their identity is this. The anchor of the group. It is hoped that children who are interested in Chinese schools will join as parent -child forms as listeners and give feedback once a week. After insisting on feedback for a period of time, the audience can apply for a candidate anchor, and the candidate anchor internship can become an anchor. The simple rules of this interaction and exchanges make the anchor and the audience that can affect each other and promote each other. It is hoped that through this sharing group to provide a platform for children with basic children, let them talk about promoting learning. For families who want children to be interested in Chinese studies, they can also find a space for children to communicate with their peers. Of course, I also hope that through everyone's sharing and exchanges, the essence of Chinese school will not infiltrate more families. The anchors are responsible for different theme channels. At present, the platform has four channels: Mongolian, classical poetry, history, and classical novels. The platform has been operating on March 25, 2018, and nearly 30 families are currently participating. As an open public welfare platform, there is an opportunity to join every six months. But before the official joining, it was necessary to undergo strict training and pass the test test.

    Hi everyone! I am the anchor Lily of the Poetry Channel of "Poetry and Book". I have been attending international schools and is currently the sixth grade. One of our school's campus culture is to use their own abilities and actions to give back and influence our schools, communities or society, and I like ancient poems very much. I hope to convey the beauty of ancient poetry to more people, so I joined it "Poetry Book Youyou", a charity service platform to be an anchor of poetry channels. I hope to exercise myself by sharing ancient poems and help everyone to become friends with ancient poems. In the ancient poetry channel, I will choose poems that are close to the life of children and children in combination with the changes in the four seasons, the seasonal season, and the fun of children, and I will share all kinds of poems such as reading, bidding, chanting, and chanting. The specific introduction and gameplay of these games include special documents and audio for everyone to learn reference. I hope that the audience can incorporate poetry into their lives after listening to my sharing, and find the beauty of poetry in life. In order to allow the audience to experience the different characteristics of various poems and genres in addition to the beauty of poetry language, content, and artistic conception, I will follow the order of genre in seven, five, five laws, seven rhythms, ancient poems, and words. Share, share a certain number of poems for each genre, then transfer to the next kind of genre poetry sharing. My ancient poetry channel will release new sharing content every Tuesday. Welcome everyone to listen, and at the same time I hope to hear or see the feedback from the audience. Let's walk with poems together! Looking forward to everyone who can make friends with poems!

    "Poetry Book Youyou" Poetry Channel anchor "Lily" self -introduction

    "Poetry Book Youyou" Poetry Channel Introduction

    After Weng Juan's "Village is the matter", many people thought of Fan Chengda's "Four Time Pastoral Miscellaneous" in "The Day of Yuantian Nights and Nights, and the children of the village. , Also learn to plant melon. " Fan Chengda's poem "plum golden apricot fat" in this group of poems describes the summer scene of the rural mango season in the south of the river, and it is quite interesting to read the "Village Living" in the "Village Living". Let's share this poem today.

    Fan Chengda's "Four Time Pastoral Miscellaneous · Meizi Golden Apricot Fat" appreciation

    Du Mu's "Qingming" appreciation

    Zhu Xi "Spring Day" appreciation

    The "Yellow Crane Tower Send Meng Hao Ran's Guangling" appreciation

    Sima Guang's "Pacific Summer Summer" appreciation

    》 Appreciation

    The words in the figure are represented by a small red dot. This little red dot is hidden in the lower right corner of each entering word. You can exercise your ability to be a detective and see if you can find it soon. After finding all the entry characters, you can play the game "Bid Pingzhang": Draw a horizontally with the sound of all flat sounds and two sounds. The word is actually a word, and it is necessary to mark it! Then draw a vertical with three sounds, four sounds, and entering sounds. This symbol indicates 仄. If you do n’t know it yourself, you can find every symbol that indicates flatness in the picture I shared, and it is enough to marked on your poem according to the marking. However, I highly recommend you to challenge yourself, and then compare with the photo.

    The recitation, chanting, and chanting are a good way to experience the rhythm and rhythm in the sighing and chanting song! In the chanting, you can deeply print the reading poems in your mind unknowingly, while feeling the beauty of the poem.

    仄 仄 仄 仄 绝 绝 绝 兴 杏 杏

    The twenty -four solar terms in China are one of the greatest inventions in Chinese astronomical calendar And it is regular, because I share a poem with you every two weeks, so whenever I want to share poetry, there will be a solar terms passing by us. This time we shared that we ushered in the third solar terms in the summer: Mang species. The solar terms of Mangye indicate the official start of the midsummer season, which literally means that "the mango wheat is fast, and the mango rice can be planted." "Monthly Seventy -two Hou Ji Jie" said: "May of May, which means that there is a garden of the mango can be planted." It is very urgent to grab harvest. The word "species" of mango refers to the seasons of the late valleys, crickets, and 稷. People often say that the "Sanxia" is busy season. For most parts of China, as soon as the seedlings have arrived, the summer crops must be harvested. The busiest season of the year. As the saying goes, "Spring Fighting Day, during the summer", "Mangye" is actually a busy and busy planting species, indicating that all crops are "busy". In other words, "Mang" means farmers' busiest field labor life. The Yangtze River Basin "planting seedlings and cutting wheat is busy", and the North China region "collect wheat breed beans to not allow" shǎng ". The busy peasants: such as Gansu and Ningxia are "busy seeds, summer solstice valleys", Shanxi is "mange seedlings, all kinds of species", Sichuan and Shaanxi are "before planting, busy planting, after the seedlings, busy planting beans" " , Guizhou is "no seedlings, and then planting useless", Jiangsu is "a treasure in the mango, the summer solstice is inserted, and Jiangxi is" the seedlings of the past three days, the seedlings cannot be produced three days after the seedlings ", Fujian, Fujian, and Fujian It is "the edge of the seed, the good plant" xiān ", the seedlings have been planted, and the good planting glutinous", Guangdong is "mango seeds, big summer crickets (referring to transplant plants)" and so on. "It even explains the tension of the wheat harvest season. Following the last time Weng Juan's" Village is the matter ", I will share with you a description of Sanxia's busy season. Chengda's first song "Summer Rural Renovation" in the poem "Four Time Pastoral" group: "Plum Golden Apricot Fertilizer", let's take a look at these two poems that are often mentioned by everyone at the same time. .

    First of all, let's look at the topic of this poem, "Four Available Pastoral". "Four o'clock" refers to the four seasons of spring, summer, autumn, and winter. It is rural and countryside. The poems that are interested in chanting are referring to the chanting. , "Late Spring", "Summer", "Autumn", and "Winter", each group of twelve songs, a total of sixty songs, is a masterpiece of Fan Chengda, which describes the scenery of the four seasons of the countryside and the farmers' Life also reflects the exploitation of farmers and the hardships of life. The poems of the "Four Time Pastoral" group poems have described the tradition of rural pastoral poetry from Tang Wangwei, Chu Guangxi, Meng Haoran, Wei Yingwu, etc. · Since July ", the poetry faction of the" Xinlefu "in the Tang Dynasty has worked hard to reflect the traditional poetry tradition of rural society. People have a high aftertaste, and have high artistic achievements, and Fan Chengda has also won the title of "idyllic poet". From Fan Chengda's "Four Time Pastoral" group poems, we can see that the group poems refer to the same theme or the same theme or A set of poems composed of several poems with related themes. Each poem is relatively complete and independent, but there is an inherent connection between each poem and other poems, and the format is the same or similar. Many poets have written. For group poems, they have two sets and one group, as many as dozens of groups, or even a hundred groups. Or at the same period, the same place, or in different periods, different places. Yongshi, Ji Xing, Mourning, Pastoral, and other areas. "First", Wang Wei "Seven Pastorals", Li Bai's "Three Words of Qingping", Du Fu's "Nine Eap", "Five Sets", Liu Yuxi's "Nine Bamboo Words", Bai Juyi's "Fifty of Xinle House", Su Shi's "Two Rainy Rain on the Lake on the Lake", Lu You's "Second of Shen Yuan" and so on. Interestingly, I found a very interesting phenomenon, that is, the title of the title "X Xing" is generally a group poem. For example, Du Fu's "Nine Must Sentences". The title "Man Xing" has the meaning of writing. Do not want to write, do not want to write, nor is it written at the same time. Judging from the content of the nine poems, it is written from the spring to summer, and there are also time to find it. This set of quatrains was written in the second year when Du Fu lived in Chengdu Cottage, the second year of Tang Suzong (761). The two most famous of them are the fifth and seventh songs: "Intestines break the end of Chunjiang, and the rodgee has Xubangfangzhou. The crazy catkins dance with the wind, the light peach blossoms flow in the water", The lotus leaves are stacked with green money. No one sees the roots of the bamboo shoots, and the dumplings on the sand are next to the mother. " Du Fu also has a set of famous masterpieces "Eight Songs of Qiu Xing", which is particularly reflected in the pure seven -law kung fu. Qiu Xing is a poem written in autumn. This group of poems is a group of poems created by Du Fu's theme of Changan when he lived in Lazhou, Sichuan Province (now Chongqing City). These eight poems are a complete movement, with the theme of worrying about the rise and fall of the country. With the autumn of the Palace, the poet's twilight years of illness and the life of their lives, especially the heavy mood of concern to the safety of the society, also the tone. The interspersed is easy and cheerful lyric. Each capital expresses the author's thoughts and emotions from different angles with a unique expression. The most famous of them is the first song: "Yulu withered maple forest, Wushan Wuxia Qi Xiao Sen. The cold clothes urged the knife everywhere, and the city of Baidi was urgent. "

    In we look at the author of this poem Fan Chengda. Fan Chengda, the word is the ability. Because he retired in his hometown of Pingjiang Wu County, which is the Shihu of Shihu in Suzhou, Jiangsu, he is No. Shihujushi. In the twenty -four years of Shaoxing (1154), he served as many official positions and had a political achievement to the government. One of the most famous achievements is the six years of the road (1170). The Golden Kingdom was exited. In the entire Southern Song Dynasty, the court was weak and blindly kneeped to the King of the Kingdom. In the environment of hero Yue Fei, Fan Chengda changed the etiquette of accepting the book of the Jin Kingdom and asked for the "royal tomb" place of Henan. , And wrote as a golden diary "Pula" Pèi ", which is very admirable. Fan Chengda is one of the most famous big poets in the Southern Song Dynasty. He is also famous for Lu You, Yang Wanli, and Youya. He started to start with the Jiangxi Poetry School at the beginning, and gradually got rid of his restraint and influence. His poems are widely theme, and the works that reflect the content of rural social life are the highest achievements in this group of "Four Available Pastoral Evil" and are the masterpieces of ancient Chinese pastoral poems. Fan Chengda's works had a significant impact in the late Southern Song Dynasty. By the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, the impact was greater. Fan Chengda means that the poems that sighs the patriotic feelings should learn from Lu You, and if you want to show rural life, you must learn Fan Chengda's poems.

    It finished the title and author, let's see the content of this poem together. First of all, let's look at the first sentence: "Plum golden apricot fat". Plum is a fruit, also known as green plum, belongs to the rose eye, is the fruit of the plum tree, but it is not a variety of plum blossoms. This kind of fruit is green when it is not mature. It can be used to "Páo" to make green plum wine. The famous "Boil of Boil of Boil of Boil of the Three Kingdoms" in "The Romance of the Three Kingdoms". Cao Cao asked Liu Bei to drink this kind of green plum boiled wine. After the seedlings are the season of plums, mature plums will become golden yellow, so this poem says "plum golden yellow". The snack plum we often eat is the yellow mature plum picked by the picked seedlings and marinated. The season of Meizi is the season when Jiangnan continues to rain, so people give the rain a beautiful name- "Meiyu", and this season is called the rainy season. In this gloomy and rainy weather, things are easy to mold, so "Meiyu" is also called "mold rain". This "mold" is "moldy" "mold". Of course, this name is not as poetic as "Meiyu", so the poet's "Mei Yu" describes the "Mei Rain" described in the pen, but this moldy "mold rain" has never been seen. Zhao Shixiu wrote in "Yoko": "Huangmei season is rainy, and frogs are everywhere in Qingcao pond. There is no appointment overnight, and the chess pieces fall off the lights." The day is fine, but the streams are all over the mountains. Green Yin does not decrease the road, adding yellow crickets and four or five sounds ", Dai retro" Summer "is different:" Milk duck ponds are shallow and deep, cooked plums are half weather in the weather, half of the weather is half weather. Qingyin. Dongyuan is drunk in Xiyuan, and the three poems written by the poets in the Southern Song Dynasty are written in the yellow plum season, but it may be written, or it is written, or the half -yin and semi -clear. , They all have a unique interest. However, the most famous verse of Meiyu was the famous poet of the Northern Song Dynasty, "How many sorrows are the sorrows? Tobacco, the wind of the city, the yellow Shiyu" of the Sichuan tobacco, the wind of the city. The poet compares his sadness and sadness to the grass shrouded in the rain and rain, the full city of catkins and smokes are filled with smoke, and the drizzle of the plums that are full of smoke is novel. The chanting won the name of "He Meizi" for He Zhu. Interestingly, in ancient poetry, it can also be seen in the regional distribution and time of plum rain in our country. Mei Yu appeared in various places early and late. The Jianghuai Basin is generally from mid -to -late June to early July. When the "plum" is basically in the midsummer. The Northern Song Dynasty poet Zhou Bangyan wrote the word "He Yongtian" in Ren Water in Nanjing, Jiangsu: "Mei Yuyu, Summer Wind, and Gao Liu chaos." In the area of ​​Zhejiang in Fujian, the rainy season is roughly from mid -to -late May to June, that is, in the late spring and early summer. Lu You has poems "Mei Yu": "When the Sisi Meizi is cooked, the rain, the desert 楝 [liàn] is cold after the flowers are blooming. When Lu You wrote his hometown of mountains (Shaoxing), when the rutor blooms, it is the season of plum rain in the late spring and early summer. In the south of the Guangdong and Guangxi regions, the rainy season came earlier, and the rain was drizzle in March of the lunar calendar. When Liu Zongyuan was degraded, he wrote a poem "Mei Yu" when he was degraded in Liuzhou, Guangxi: "Mei Shu is welcoming the rain, and the vastness of Xiaochun", the "Xiaochun" in the poem refers to the March of the lunar calendar. In the rainy season, all the scenery is shrouded in the smoky rain, and the dream is picturesque, which is really easy to trigger the poet's infinite poetry and inspiration. Fan Chengda's poem is mainly described as the fruitful fruits on the tree at this time, so he only wrote plums and did not write rain. So what else is the mature fruits in Huangmei season? By the way, there is the same yellow orange apricot, which is the fruit we often eat now. "Apricot Fertilizer" means that the fruit of the apricot tree is full and is about to mature. This sentence means: "One tree plum becomes golden, and the apricot is growing older."

    It let's look at the second sentence: "Maihua snow and cabbage are thin." The wheat flowers here naturally feel that the flowers of wheat are naturally felt. Fan Chengda, the author of this poem, also wrote in the second middle school of "Second Summer": "Thousands of filaments pull Shao Guang, and the silent swallow is busy. It is like a flower of wheat. But my mother and I were a little puzzled, just like I was introducing the two solar terms of Xiaoman and Mangye. The wheat was pumped before and after Xiaoman, and the wheat blooming should naturally be at that time. The Southern Dynasties Zongzong's "Jing Chu Shi Ji Ji" records the scenery of the Jingchu area of ​​the Jingchu area, which is slightly south of the Jingchu area, which is referred to as "Twenty -Four Flowers Shipping in the Wind". Twenty is wheat flowers, the second time of the "Qingming" solar term. In addition, many verses can also tell us that the season of wheat flowers should be from the late spring and early summer between Qingming to Xiaoman, and there are differences due to the north and south of the region. For example, Du Fu's "For Nong": "Bar and lotus floating leaf, fine wheat fell light flowers", "Puppet Questions" of Li Zhiyi in the Song Dynasty: "New Lotus Potal Water Wasteless Flowers, a touch of sunny sun", all wrote wheat flowers When it is opened, the lotus leaves in the pond are just leafs, obviously in early summer. At the time of Meizi Yellow mature, the lotus leaves in the pond are already "Lotus Leaf Heada", and wheat should be harvested mature. Moreover, although wheat flowers are also white, they are more yellow. Is the "wheat flower" written by Fan Chengda here is buckwheat flower? I have read Bai Juyi's "Village Night": "Looking at the field in front of the door, Yueming buckwheat flowers are like snow", buckwheat flowers are obviously white, but the first sentence of Bai Juyi's poem is "Cang Cang Cang Cangzhu" It is obviously written in autumn. What kind of wheat flower is the wheat flower here? I became interested in this issue. My mother guided me to continue to consider the information, and called and asked about the puppets who had been planted in rural areas in Henan for many years. I learned that in addition to the winter wheat harvested in the summer in the fall of the wheat, there is also in late March. Spring wheat sowing in early April, spring wheat is from mid -to -late June to early July. However, spring wheat is relatively small, mainly in the cold area in the northeast of my country. It is estimated that Fan Cheng's possibility of planting this poem in Suzhou area is not very likely big. Buckwheat is a very adaptive crop. It is widely distributed in China. It goes south to Hainan Province, the north to Heilongjiang, the west to the Qinghai -Tibet Plateau, and the east to Taiwan. Buckwheat is cool and humid, not tolerant to high temperature drought, and frosty. It is a crop that requires more water. It can be from May to September. It is likely to be buckwheat flowers. Of course, although my mother and I checked a lot of information, they did not draw an exact conclusion, but the process of this inquiry was very interesting and made me gain a lot. For example, when I checked the information, I learned that wheat flowers are the shortest flowers in the world, and it will fade in only 5 to 30 minutes. It is dozens of times shorter than the famous "Flower Flower", which is really amazing! Since I did not get a clear conclusion, I would call it "wheat flower" here. This sentence means that wheat flowers are white, and rapeseed flowers have passed the blooming season, and it has become sparse.

    It let's look at the third sentence: "No one has passed on the sun." The eldest chief refers to the long day in the summer. The fence refers to the fence, which is similar to the village, the tribe, and the courtyard, because the "falling" has the meaning of staying or living. There are both "fences" and "fences" in the poems, but there are many "fences". ", Ye Shaoweng's" Seeing in the Night Book "," Knowing children to promote weaving, night in the middle of the night fell to light ", Tang Yin's" Chrysanthemum "" How many days have not returned to guests, and use the fence to watch the autumn wind "and so on. This sentence means: when it grows during the day, the village is silent, and the shadow of the fence has become shorter and shorter as the sun rises, and no one passes.

    In the end we look at the fourth sentence, "Only dragonflies fly butterflies." Only there is. In the poems I have shared with you before, there are two capitals of "only": Sima Guang's "Performance in the Early Summer" "Only Sunflower", Li Bai's "Yellow Crane Tower Send Meng Hao Ran's Guangling" "Only see the Yangtze River Skyrim flow". However, I noticed that "only sunflower leaning to the sun" uses the "only" next to the heart, and "only see the Yangtze River sky flow" uses the "only" next to the mouth. This poem uses the only beside the heart. What is the difference between these two "only"? The only mouth next to the mouth, from 隹 (zhuī), 隹 隹 口 口. "隹" refers to "the bird's head is sharp". "Mouth" refers to the response. "Mouth" and "合" united to show "response to eight degrees of tone". The familiar idiom "Wei Wei Nuo" means that the sound response to the answer without objection, and the use of righteousness as a adverb, indicating "only", "only" Essence The word beside the heart is from 隹 (zhuī), and the voices. "隹" means "bird head" and "pointed". "Heart" and "合" united to show "the sharp heart", that is, the heart forms a pointed head like a bird's head, and has a clear direction. So its original meaning is that the mind is concentrated in one point. It is also used as adverbs, which is equivalent to "only" and "only". So these two words can be universal in many words. However, "only" and "only seeing" will have different expression effects. The "seeing" "seeing" emphasizes vision. Some people's "see" actions are in it, and the lyrical meaning is stronger. "Only" is static, and the sense of picture is stronger. This sentence said: "Only dragonflies and butterflies fly around the fence."

    Now let's take the four sentences together: "One tree and plums become golden, and the apricot is longer and bigger; the wheat flower is white, and the rapeseeds look thin. It is long during the day, and the village is silent. The shadow of the fence becomes shorter and shorter as the sun rises. No one passes; only dragonflies and butterflies fly around the fence. " This poem writes the pastoral scenery in the early summer. In the poem, plum yellow, apricot fat, wheat flower white, and rare cauliflower are used, and the typical summer southern rural scenery was written. In the first two sentences, plum yellow apricot fat, thin cabbage, colorful. The third sentence of the poem writes the life of the farmers from the side: the farmers are busy, and farmers are returning late, so there are rare pedestrians during the day. The last sentence set off the silence in the village with "only dragonfly and butterfly flying". The whole poem is colorful and layered, and there are close scenes with distant views, and the hedge on the scene with farmhouses, the dancing dragonfly, butterfly has a silent fence, like a strong life atmosphere, like a strong life atmosphere. Jiangnan summer map. The poem also uses the side description of things to subtly express the sympathy of farmers' hard -working cultivation in the method of indirect lyrical ways, and it is indeed a masterpiece of Fan Chengda's rural poetry.

    "Four Available Pastoral Miscellaneous" has sixty songs. Each capital is very interesting. I look forward to sharing with me!

    Okay, this is the end of today's sharing. Don't forget to play poetry games with this poem!

    "Four -time Pastoral Miscellaneous · Meizi Golden Apricot Fat" feedback topic

    1. In the rainy season, all the scenery is shrouded in the rainy rain, dreams are picturesque It is really easy to trigger the poet's infinite poetry and inspiration. For example, Zhao Shixiu's "Yoshot": "Huangmei Daily Family Rain, frogs everywhere in Qingcao Pond", He Zhu's "Jade Case · Lingbo Can't Hengtang Road": "Yichuan tobacco, full city wind, plum yellow rain" and so on Essence However, in the poem "Three Daozhong", which was once poet, he wrote: "Meizi Huang Shi is sunny, but the streams are all over the mountains." It is said that Huangmei season is rainy, but the poems in the past say that Huang Mei season is sunny every day. What is going on?

    2. China is very large. We all live in different regions. When I share "Meiyu", I mentioned that the season of Meiyu in different areas is also different. Can you talk about when the rainy season of your hometown is probably, what is the flowers and fruit of the season of Meiyu?

    . When I share the problem of "Maihua Snow and Cabbage Flower", I focused on what kind of wheat flower here is. Please follow the writing of this poem. The background, combined with the growth habits of various wheat crops, talk about what you think the "wheat flower" here refers to what wheat flowers.

    4. I mentioned the difference between "only" and "only seeing" when sharing the poem "Only the Dragonfly and the Butterfly Fei". Can you find some other "only" containing "only" Or the poems of the two words "only see", and then distinguish their usage.

    5. Fan Chengda's "Four Available Pastoral Miscellaneous" has a total of sixty songs. In addition to the songs we shared this time, which one do you read? Can you choose what you like to share with you?

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